Émile Jetzer - A2018 - Articles & nouvelles partagé.es

QS détaille son plan pour une assurance dentaire universelle | Le Devoir

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-54-54
Lien: https://www.ledevoir.com/politique/quebec/536331/qs-detaille-son-plan-pour-une-assurance-dentaire-universelle

En point de presse à Sherbrooke, en matinée, la porte-parole Manon Massé s’est à nouveau défendue d’être irréaliste.

« Bien sûr, il va y avoir plein de monde de la vieille classe politique pour vous dire : “Ben voyons ! Ça coûte ben trop cher ! On n’a pas les moyens de faire ça !” », a-t-elle anticipé.

Elle a donc fait valoir que, puisqu’une personne sur quatre ne peut pas se permettre de soins dentaires, les hospitalisations d’urgence pour des abcès ou encore de graves caries s’avèrent encore plus onéreuses que la proposition de sa formation.

Puzzles Archives - Futility Closet

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-54-40
Lien: https://www.futilitycloset.com/category/puzzles/

Les casse-têtes de pensée latérale sont amusants; ils ont aussi un bon podcast avec plein de faits futiles et intéressants.

Pourra-t-on un jour venir à bout des «continents de plastique» des océans? | Le Devoir

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-53-51
Lien: https://www.ledevoir.com/societe/environnement/536261/pourra-t-on-un-jour-venir-a-bout-des-continents-de-plastique-des-oceans

Les données scientifiques lui donnent d’ailleurs raison. Selon une étude publiée l’an dernier dans Nature Communications, les fleuves du monde déversent entre 1,15 et 2,41 millions de tonnes de plastique chaque année dans les océans, soit un rythme d’environ 50 kilos par seconde. Et 86 % de l’ensemble des détritus de plastique sont issus de cours d’eau asiatiques.

EJ: Il faut noter qu’une partie importante du plastique déversé en Asie vient de l’Europe et des Amériques, et est envoyé en Asie pour s’en d’embarrasser. Une autre partie significative vient des chaînes de productions, pour des produits qui sont ensuite exportés. Changer notre comportement et normes ici affecterait positivement les choses là bas.

Le tabou des écoles privées | Le Devoir

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-53-29
Lien: https://www.ledevoir.com/societe/education/536287/le-tabou-des-ecoles-privees

C’est un des tabous en politique au Québec. Les partis n’en parlent pas ou l’évoquent généralement du bout des lèvres. Le financement des écoles privées par l’État soulève les passions, même si le système public d’éducation gagne du terrain par rapport au privé.

Le nombre d’élèves des écoles privées a légèrement diminué au cours des dernières années, tandis que la fréquentation du secteur public explose, indiquent les plus récents chiffres du ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur (MEES). En 2016–2017, les élèves du privé représentaient 11,8 % des effectifs du préscolaire, du primaire et du secondaire, par rapport à 13,07 % trois ans plus tôt. Quelque 907 413 élèves fréquentaient les écoles publiques, comparativement à 121 828 au privé.

[ACC Entry] Should Transgender Children Transition? | Slate Star Codex

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-53-10
Lien: http://slatestarcodex.com/2018/09/08/acc-entry-should-transgender-children-transition/

Conclusion

On Desistence – The body of research on gender dysphoric youth indicates that many of these youths are no longer gender dysphoric upon reaching and progressing through puberty. It is possible that the youths that “desisted” either were not transgender in the first place or were pressured to disassociate from their transgender identity. Yet there are enough anecdotal accounts and extended studies regarding desisting youth to provide reasonable evidence that at least some, and likely a sizable fraction of individuals who express desires to be the gender opposite their natal sex or affirm that they are the opposite gender in childhood do not feel the same way at a later point in life.

On Determining Desistence – There is a lack of agreement between sources on whether gender dysphoric youth who will persist and desist can be differentiated from each other. On the whole, the evidence indicates there is a correlation between the strength of transgender expression (identifying as the other gender rather than simply expressing cross-gender behavior) and persistence, yet the correlation isn’t perfect. Some children who express a strong desire that they are the other gender desist, while some children with subthreshold gender dysphoria diagnoses persist through puberty.

On Social Transitioning – Social transitioning has positive mental health effects, but unknown effects on whether children will persist or desist. Social transitioning is put forward as one of the primary ways to support transgender children and is shown to reduce the rates of internalizing problems and anxiety among gender dysphoric youth. These children do still show elevated rates of anxiety. Additionally, some children who socially transition later do not feel gender dysphoric anymore and decide to not present as the opposite gender any longer. There is no evidence examining the rate at which individuals who socially transition retain their gender dysphoric feelings and transgender identities.

On Puberty Blockers – Puberty blockers, though reportedly safe, may have unintended medical consequences based on a review of studies. Studies show effects on bone growth and density. Yet other studies show positive mental health effects relative to transgender individuals who undergo puberty as their birth sex, as puberty is a time when living as a transgender individual can be particularly traumatic. It is unknown if placing individuals on puberty blockers affects the rate at which that population of individuals retains their gender dysphoria.

Is Quantum Mechanics a Probabilistic Theory? | Not Even Wrong

Date: 2018-09-08 2018-09-08-12-52-41
Lien: http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=10533

One event that made me think more seriously about this was watching Weinberg’s talk about QM at the SM at 50 conference. At the end of this talk Weinberg gets into a long discussion with ‘t Hooft about this issue, although I’m think ‘t Hooft is starting from some unconventional point of view about something underlying QM. Weinberg ends by saying that Tom Banks has made this argument to him, but that he thinks the problem is you need to independently assume the Born rule.

One difficulty here is that you need to precisely define what a “measurement” is, before you can think about “deriving” the Born rule for results of measurements, and I seem to have difficulty finding such a precise definition. What I wonder about is whether it is possible to argue that, given that your result is going to be probabilistic, and given some list of properties a “measurement” should satisfy, can you show that the Born rule is the only possibility?

So, my question for experts is whether they can point to good discussions of this topic. If this is a well-known possibility for “interpreting” QM, what is the name of this interpretation?

187 - Break Free of Relationship Drama — Multiamory

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-45-31
Lien: https://www.multiamory.com/podcast/187-relationship-drama#transcript

The Krapman triangle is a nice tool, and is easily extended and applied.

Chelation therapy in Canada

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-45-21
Lien: https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/chelation-therapy-for-autism-is-quackery/

Chelation therapy uses either oral or intravenous chemical to bind to heavy metals and help remove them from the body. It is a legitimate and approved therapy for heavy metal poisoning. However, there are several unscientific uses of chelation therapy, based on the preliminary or false notion that some condition is caused by heavy metals. The use of chelation for autism derives from the notion that autism is caused by mercury poisoning from thimerosal in vaccines. The vaccine/thimerosal-autism connection has been thoroughly disproven. Therefore the entire basis of using chelation for autism is false. However, a 2013 study found that half a million children are subjected to this risky treatment in the US for autism each year. Use is not limited to the US, and it is common in Canada and Europe as well. A recent article in the Canadian news outlet, CBC, highlights the problem. They write:

Parents often discuss alternative treatments they’re considering for their children with autism with Anagnostou, and she’s fine with many of them as long as they’re safe and used in conjunction with proven autism interventions. But she draws the line at chelation therapy.

Anagnostou is a pediatric neurologist who treats children with autism. While I agree with her opposition to chelation therapy, I believe she is underestimating the harm of using “alternative” treatments that she considers “safe”. Often that means there is not evidence of direct immediate harm, but this ignores all the indirect harm. There is an opportunity and resource cost to using unproven therapies, and this burden may be massive, especially on families that are already experiencing increased burdens from a chronic condition. This may delay or even replace proven therapies.

IRIS | La pauvreté : un problème d’argent

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-45-11
Lien: https://iris-recherche.qc.ca/blogue/la-pauvrete-un-probleme-d-argent

Une idée qui semble très ancrée dans l’esprit des sociétés occidentales est que la cause de la pauvreté serait le résultat de mauvaises décisions ou encore d’un manque d’éducation ou de caractère. Cela explique probablement pourquoi les programmes de lutte contre la pauvreté comportent de nombreuses conditions au versement des prestations. En effet, on ne peut faire confiance à quelqu’un de peu éduqué, de paresseux ou d’irrationnel lorsqu’il s’agit de lui donner de l’argent. Cependant, d’après une recherche parue en 2017 dans le magazine Science qui permet de mieux comprendre le casse-tête que représente la lutte contre la pauvreté, la véritable cause pourrait simplement être le manque d’argent. Malgré l’aspect tautologique de cette dernière assertion, les implications de cette prise de conscience sur les programmes de soutien du revenu pourraient être grandes.

IRIS | Trop d’impôt tue l’impôt?

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-45-00
Lien: https://iris-recherche.qc.ca/blogue/trop-d-impot-tue-l-impot

Or, l’article du Globe and Mail nous apprend aussi que plus de 90 % de cette perte est attribuable aux contribuables à revenus élevés d’une seule province, soit l’Alberta. Si l’impôt tuait l’impôt, c’est la contribution fiscale de tous les riches Canadiens qu’il ruinerait, n’est-ce pas ? À moins bien sûr que ce ne soit pas l’impôt qui soit en cause ici. Une hypothèse des plus plausibles veut plutôt que ce soit le ralentissement économique qu’a connu la province de l’Ouest en 2015 et 2016 qui est à l’origine de la diminution des salaires et donc de la contribution fiscale des particuliers les plus aisés. Depuis, l’économie albertaine s’est redressée. Un porte-parole du ministère des Finances a d’ailleurs affirmé au Globe and Mail que l’on pouvait s’attendre à voir les revenus fiscaux provenant des plus riches bondir en 2017.

Semaine de la culture scientifique

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-44-49
Lien: http://www.sciencepourtous.qc.ca/activites/semaine-de-la-culture-scientifique

Pour cette nouvelle édition de la Semaine de la culture scientifique, nous vous présentons pour la première fois, le concours de bande dessinée Bulles de science. Les participants sont invités à réaliser une planche de bande dessinée ayant pour thème une découverte ou une avancée scientifique. Le concours est ouvert aux amateurs dans 3 catégories : 9 – 13 ans ; 14 – 17 ans ; 18 ans et + Les planches doivent être envoyées avant le 30 septembre 2018 à minuit

[ACC Entry] Should Childhood Vaccination Be Mandatory? | Slate Star Codex

Date: 2018-09-07 2018-09-07-07-43-54
Lien: http://slatestarcodex.com/2018/09/06/acc-entry-should-childhood-vaccination-be-mandatory/

[ACC ENTRY] SHOULD CHILDHOOD VACCINATION BE MANDATORY?

POSTED ON SEPTEMBER 6, 2018 BY SCOTT ALEXANDER This is an entry to the Adversarial Collaboration Contest by Mark Davis and Mark Webb, who sent the following introduction along with their entry:

Mark Davis is a naturopathic doctor. Naturopathic medicine is a century-old profession in the United States, but it’s small, with fewer than 10,000 NDs licensed to practice naturopathic medicine in the US in 2018. The profession has been historically highly skeptical of vaccination in general, and the modern profession is contentiously split on the topic, with vocal advocates of CDC-scheduled routine childhood vaccination and vocal dissidents both offering continuing medical education for NDs. Mark Davis’ main goal in this adversarial collaboration was to argue that there is enough reasonable doubt that routine childhood vaccines could contribute to hyper-inflammatory disease, and enough reduced harm from vaccine-preventable diseases from other medical and public health interventions (in countries with greater economic resources) that parents should be given wide latitude to make individual choices re: routine childhood vaccines despite the clear benefits to individual and public health from preventing those diseases. He became more convinced in his conversations with Mark Webb that widespread childhood vaccination is in the best interest of public health.

Mark Webb is a clinical researcher – with a current focus in oncology. He completed a PhD in immunology, specifically focused on the mechanisms driving the development of asthma. Mark Webb’s main goal in this collaboration was to argue that atopy and autoimmunity are likely not driven by vaccination, and that this idea is a distraction from finding the real causes of the increase in these diseases. Throughout the collaboration, he was reminded of the nature of safety surveillance with all drugs, and of the sensitive nature of vaccination as a medical intervention. He became persuaded that policy should not just reflect the best evidence currently available, but should also reflect a certain degree of humility that there will always be something we don’t know.

Backreaction - Science has a problem and we must talk

Lien: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Backreaction/~3/jzuvrv0xFPg/science-has-problem-and-we-must-talk.html
Date: 2018-09-04

Tl;dr: Academic freedom risks becoming a farce if we continue to reward researchers for working on what is popular. Denying the problem doesn’t help.

Québec solidaire (QS) entend interdire les véhicules à essence dès 2030 s'il est porté au pouvoir en octobre prochain.

Lien: https://www.ledevoir.com/politique/quebec/535487/qs
Date: 2018-09-04

« Oui, ça peut paraître radical [...], mais du moment où tu dis à l'industrie: “Go, gang, c'est ça qu'on veut”, les concessionnaires vont comprendre qu'il y a avantage à avoir plus d'offres de véhicules électriques », assure la candidate solidaire au poste de première ministre Manon Massé, qui a avoué devoir faire sa première tournée du Québec dans une caravane à essence.

OA202: Roundup (With Special Guest the SciBabe!)

Lien: https://overcast.fm/+HwzHuZedg
Date: 2018-09-04

Today's episode takes an in-depth look at the recent $289 million dollar verdict handed down by a California state jury for a man who alleges that the herbicide Roundup (TM) gave him cancer. First, we break down the facts of the lawsuit. Then, we have on special guest Yvette d'Entremont -- a.k.a. the SciBabe -- to break down the science behind glyphosate (the active chemical in Roundup). After that, it's time for everyone's favorite Thomas (& Yvette) Take the Bar Exam, where our dynamic duo attempts to get it right when it comes to the proper measure of damages for breach of contract. Remember to follow our Twitter feed (@Openargs) and like our Facebook Page so that you too can play along with #TTTBE! Recent Appearances None! If you'd like to have either of us as a guest on your show, drop us an email at openarguments@gmail.com. Show Notes & Links If you'd like to read some of the original court documents, here's the Roundup complaint, the Roundup motion to strike; and finally, here's the Roundup verdict. In the legal analysis, we discussed Rule 702 of the Federal Rules of Evidence and the standards set forth in Daubert v. Merrell Dow, 509 U.S. 579 (1993).

Science-based medicine on smoking cessation

Lien: http://sciencebasedmedicine.org/smoking-cessation/
Date: 2018-09-04

The bottom line: Every doctor (with the possible exception of some sociopaths) would rather help patients stop smoking than care for them throughout a long illness and death from lung cancer or other smoking-related condition. Mainstream medicine cares deeply about prevention and is doing its best to prevent the harmful health consequences of smoking. Doctors can screen for smoking, advise against smoking, and offer effective aids to smoking cessation, but they can only do so much. The individual smoker is ultimately responsible for his or her own behavior. The bad news is that outside of a smoking cessation program, 95% of attempts to quit smoking fail. There may be many attempts and relapses before final success. The good news is that there are more ex-smokers than smokers. According to the World Health Organization, “Tobacco is the only legal drug that kills many of its users when used exactly as intended by manufacturers.” Think about it.

Mais que peuvent faire les parents ?

Lien: https://www.ledevoir.com/societe/535371/quoi-faire-si-mon-enfant-est-un-intimidateur-a-l-ecole
Date: 2018-09-04

De nombreuses écoles à travers le pays tentent de décourager l’intimidation en instaurant des politiques de tolérance zéro, certaines offrent également des programmes visant à stimuler la confiance en soi des enfants et à établir des relations interpersonnelles saines avec leurs pairs. Mais que peuvent faire les parents ? « La première étape avant de commencer à réfléchir à des solutions est d’abord d’essayer de comprendre ce qui se cache derrière », conseille Susan Baer.